Suzuki Grand Vitara body repair steps
There are various types and methods of car body repair, applied depending on its condition. Further, the features of these works are considered on the example of the Suzuki Grand Vitara.
According to one of the classifications, body repair is divided into full and local. In the first case, the car body is completely restored, while local repairs involve the replacement or restoration of individual parts. Another classification includes three types of repairs:
- Minor body repair corresponds to the local one from the previous classification;
- External type, also called cosmetic. It involves exclusively painting work;
- The overhaul corresponds to the full one and includes the replacement of many parts, welding, restoration of the geometry of the body and frame.
It should be noted that a major or complete body repair is very complicated and requires specialized equipment, so it is usually performed in workshops. In addition, this type of road repair, therefore, its expediency is preliminarily assessed on the basis of damage and the value of the car. In some cases, restoring a car is pointless, since the cost will be comparable to the price of a new one, if not more expensive.
Types of jobs
For the implementation of these works, the presence of complex specialized equipment, represented by a stand or slipway, is required. These tools are used to apply multidirectional forces to the body. However, few users have such equipment, so the restoration of body geometry is rarely performed independently.
This is the straightening of deformed body parts using specialized straightening tools. They require precise adherence to technology, so experienced performers can do it. Straightening is usually performed by mechanical action, sometimes with the use of thermal. There are several technologies for this work.
Paintless dent removal
There are several methods of such work that are used to straighten dents when the paintwork is not damaged. They are based either on the pulling of the indented material, or on its percussion, or on thermal action. Most of them are simple enough to do on your own.
This is the removal of defects in the paintwork in the form of chips and scratches. The technology of these works is also very simple, so they are within the power of many motorists who do not have experience.
The application of paintwork material to the surface of the body is desirable for experienced users. The paint is usually applied in three layers, after covering the unpainted elements.
There are several ways to remove corrosion. Usually, for this, the areas of the body affected by it are treated with various chemicals.
Determination of damage
Body repairs are carried out on the basis of the damage identified during the preliminary inspection. Based on its results, the type of repair, types of work and methods are determined.
First of all, the integrity of the body geometry is evaluated. To do this, it is measured and the obtained data is compared with the factory parameters. This technique is used for models with a monocoque body, which include the latest generation Suzuki Grand Vitara. For frame cars, such as early versions of the Grand Vitara, the integrity of the body geometry is determined by the frame. In the absence of damage to the geometry, they are limited to local or cosmetic repairs. In any case, you should carefully inspect the entire car, as this may reveal defects that were not initially noticed.
Sequence of work
This item is relevant for a complete repair. Early models of the Grand Vitara begin to be repaired from the frame, while the new ones first of all restore the geometry of the body. Then body parts are straightened or dents are removed without painting, if possible. Painting is the final stage of body work.